PVC Flooring Species and Distinction

- Jun 18, 2017 -

1. Introduction

PVC floor is a kind of new light body surface adornment material that is very popular in the world today, also known as "light body ground material". Is a kind of Europe and the United States and Asia, Japan and South Korea's popular products, popular in foreign countries, from the early 80 s began to enter the Chinese market, in the domestic large and medium-sized cities has gained widespread recognition, use a very wide range, such as family, hospital, school, office building, factory, public places, supermarkets, commercial, and other places. "PVC floor" refers to the floor made from PVC materials. Concrete is polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and its copolymer resin as the main raw material, adding filler, plasticizer, stabilizer, coloring and other accessories, on flake continuous base material, the coating process or by rolling, extrusion or extrusion process.

2. Species

2.1 From the structure point, it is divided into three types:

Multi-layer complex



So-called multilayer composite PVC floor to say it is a multilayer structure, generally is composed of 4 ~ 5 layers overlying, generally have wear-resisting layer (including UV processing), printing film, glass fiber layer, elastic foam layer, at the grass-roots level, etc. The so-called homogeneous PVC floor means that it is the same kind of color, which is the same kind of pattern, from top to bottom.

2.2 From the form point, it is divided into two types:

  • The Roll floor

  • The Sheet floor

So-called Roll floor is the quality of a material is relatively soft roll of a roll of floor, generally its width is 1.5 m, 2 m, etc., each roll length of 20 meters, the total thickness of 1.6 mm to 3.2 mm (commercial floor, and the only movement floor thicker can be up to 4 mm, 5 mm, 6 mm, etc.).
The specification of Sheet floor is more, the main cent is bar material and square material.

The specifications of the bar are mainly:

  • 4 "* 36" (101.6 mm * 914.4 mm)

  • 6 "x 36" (152.4 mm x 914.4 mm)

  • 8 "x 36" (203.2 mm x 914.4 mm)

(Thickness: 1.2 mm -3.0 mm)

The size of the square is mainly:

  • 12 "x 12" (304.8 mm x 304.8 mm)

  • 18 "x18" (457.2 mm x 457.2 mm)

  • 24 "* 24" (609.6 mm x 609.6 mm)

(Thickness: 1.2 mm - 3.0 mm)

2.3 From the degree of wear-resisting point, it is divided into two types:

  • General

  • Durable

Main domestic production and use are general-purpose PVC floor, some of the traffic was very big places such as airports, railway stations and so on need to laying durable PVC floor, its more wear-resisting degree is strong, long service life, at the same time, the price is also more expensive.

2.4 From the application field point, it is divided into:

  • Education system (including schools, training centers, kindergartens, etc.)

  • Medical systems (including hospitals, laboratories, pharmaceutical factories, nursing homes, etc)

  • Business systems (including malls, supermarkets, hotels, recreation centers, restaurants, specialty stores, etc.)

  • Sports systems (sports venues, activity centers, etc.)

  • Office system (office building, meeting room, etc.)

  • Industrial system (plant, warehouse, etc.)

  • Transportation system (airport, railway station, bus station, wharf, etc.)

  • Household system (family room living room, bedroom, kitchen, balcony, study and so on)

3. Distinction

PVC floor, plastic floor, stone plastic floor, rubber flooring, flax floor, antistatic floor "the interrelation and distinction are mainly:

Stone is a term for the domestic plastic floor, is referring to PVC sheet flooring, because PVC sheet flooring main raw material is natural stone, wear-resisting layer is PVC material, so the name "stone plastic floor" or "stone plastic floor tile".

Plastic floor, PVC floor, PVC plastic floor, PVC plastic floor are not the name of the specification, but we can understand it as PVC floor.

Rubber flooring and PVC floor are completely two concepts, rubber floors are made from natural rubber, synthetic rubber and other ingredients. Natural rubber refers to the rubber that is produced by artificial rubber trees. Butylene, high benzene, and shuntin rubber are synthetic rubber, the product of petroleum. The main raw material production of rubber is the homogeneous and  non-homogeneous embossed surface, smooth surface indoor rubber flooring. Homogeneous rubber floor refers to the floor of a single or multi-layered structure based on natural rubber or synthetic rubber. Heterogeneous rubber floor: refers to the floor on the basis of natural rubber or synthetic rubber, structure including a wear-resisting layer and other components and (or) design on different compacted layer, compacted layer contains a skeleton.

Rubber floor general used for wear-resisting performance requirements of high places, because of the high price of high resistance to wear, and coloring, the color of a single, strict installation method, the market is not too big. At present, it is mainly used in transportation, such as subway, airplane, car, etc., etc.

Flax floor and PVC floor is completely different, flax floor is a kind of elastic ground material, its composition is: flax seed oil, limestone, cork, wood powder, natural resin, jute. Natural environment protection is the characteristic of flax floor, have good anti-smoking ability. Its drawback is that it is porous, it is not resistant to dirt, it is difficult to install, the temperature is low and so on.
The flax is currently in the form of coil, a single homogenous transparent structure.

Antistatic floor is also called dissipative electrostatic floor. This kind of floor, when it is grounding or connection to any of the relatively low potential, enables charge dissipation, resistance to between 1.0 Ω x105-109. There are many different kinds of anti-static flooring, anti-static ceramic tile, three main anti-static raised floor, all steel anti-static raised floor, composite anti-static floor, aluminum alloy anti-static floor, imitation imported anti-static flooring, PVC anti-static floor, calcium sulfate anti-static floor, etc., which belong to the category of PVC floor is anti-static PVC floor.

The "antistatic PVC floor" is an anti-static floor made of conductive material in the ingredients of PVC floor. But this is not a simple addition to some carbon powder, and the antistatic floor has a strict boundary in terms of resistance. The common resistance is between 106-109 and the floor is called antistatic flooring, which is called the conductive floor between the 104 to the 106th power.
Antistatic floor is mainly used in machine room, special ward, precise workshop and other places that have special requirement for static electricity. So say antistatic PVC floor is also a kind of PVC floor.
But rubber floors can also be used to prevent static electricity.

Compare with flax floor

PVC floor and flax floor belong to elastic floor, but different:

The composition and production process are different: the flaxen floor is a mixture of flaxseed oil, cork and wood powder, and the layers are pressed to the back of the jute lining. And PVC floor is polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and its copolymer resin as the main raw material, adding filler, plasticizer, stabilizer, coloring and other accessories, on flake continuous base material, the coating process or by rolling, extrusion or extrusion process. At this point, flax is made from pure natural flax, while PVC floors are made from PVC, but also green.

Abrasion resistance and stability have difference: Nick resistance of flax floor general, flax floor under the hard soft, this is why the thick flax floor notch resistance is not a good reason, compared the wear resistance of PVC floor is better. The dimensional stability of another flax floor is general, accordingly, must use very strong glue, the ground of flax floor is less stable than PVC floor.

Ease maintenance, there are differences: flax floor need maintenance under natural light, samples and physical there will be differences, yellowing, flax floor for maintenance products (PH > 7) resistance is poorer, flax floor when need to polishing and waxing must use special maintenance products. Flax floor is much more hard than the PVC floor, but because the surface porous, so all the stain must be cleared quickly, otherwise the leaves are difficult to remove the surface of the imprinting and will have to polishing and waxing. Because it is not a thermoplastic material, so can't recycle, perm traces can be easily wear off, but for deeper very hot mark, through the heart of PVC floor is much more easier than flax floor polishing up.

The installation is difficult to make a difference: installing flaxen floor is difficult, if indoor temperature is too low, flax floor can break. Because of its absorption nature and dimensional instability, the product must be quickly installed with strong glue. For a day, a team of installation can lay 80 to 100 ㎡ of PVC floor, or that may only 60 ㎡ flax floor can be laid. Linseed oil is not sensitive to temperature, can not use electrode with the same material for welding, so instead of welding "seam", so the flax floor cannot be E3 waterproof class, flax floor does not apply to wet or there is a requirement for clean room area. The flax-floor will emit a strong odor and stay in the room where it is installed.

Compare with rubber floor

PVC floor and rubber floor belong to elastic floor, but different:

The composition and production process are different: the rubber floor is divided into homogeneous and non-homogeneous. Homogeneous rubber flooring is the floor of a single or multi-layered structure that is based on natural rubber or synthetic rubber. The non-homogeneous rubber floor is the floor that is based on natural rubber or synthetic rubber.

The color is different: rubber flooring is more difficult because the rubber has a strong absorption, so most rubber floors have a single color. And PVC floor design is very much, can any combination, can give stylist more choice.

The installation is difficult to make a difference: PVC floor is lighter, installation is convenient and quick; The rubber floor is heavy and the installation is more arduous. Installation method is more strict and rubber floor, if the right way there will be a bubble, more perfect, to the requirement of self-leveling foundation or exaggerate defects at the grass-roots level.

The market demand and wear-resisting strength differ: the rubber floor is used only in some high-end places because of the high price, the scope is narrower; And the PVC floor, because of its high cost performance, is so widely used that the market has huge potential. Other rubber floor wearability of stronger, in airports, stations, traffic was a great place and planes, trains, subways, cars, ships and other means of transport is very applicable.

Compared with the carpet

Ingredients and different production process: carpet is with cotton, linen, wool, silk, grass and other natural fiber or chemical fiber raw material, knitting, tufted or by manual or mechanical technology of textile and into the ground of the layup.

Performance and maintenance are different: carpet belongs to flammable items, fear, fear tide, water, fire and maintenance is very troublesome, very easy to dirty, easy to shelter evil people and practices, the breeding ground for bacteria. And the PVC floor is fire retardant, afraid of the water not to be afraid of tide, the management is very simple, use dishcloth to wipe can, the anti-fouling performance is good, have antibacterial effect.

Compared with ceramic tile

Different composition and production process: the so-called ceramic tile, is a refractory metal oxides and metal oxide, through grinding, mixing, pressing, glazing, the sintering process, and is one kind of acid and alkali resistant porcelain or stone construction or decoration materials, such as total called ceramic tile. Its raw materials are composed of clay, quartz and so on.

Performance and maintenance are different: the ceramic tile is not antiskid and the texture is cold, the maintenance is also troublesome, extremely easy dirty.

The installation is different: the ceramic tile is heavy, the installation is difficult, and it is difficult to remove after installation. And the PVC floor is very light, the installation is very simple, can shop directly in the original ground without compressed space, so it is very suitable for the renovation of the old building.

Compared with marble

Stone material is very heavy, bring a lot of burden to transportation and construction, especially the main structure of tall building can cause great harm effect.

Stone meeting water is easy slippery, the texture is cool, and marble is radioactive, granite contain radon gas and so on the human body is harmful. Marble is expensive, but the laying effect is very elegant, suit high-grade place to use.

Compared with wood floor

Wood floor can be divided into three kinds: real wood floor, solid wood composite floor and aggrandizement wood floor.

Real wood floor is natural material, have the advantage that synthetic material is irreplaceable, non-toxic and tasteless, feet feel comfortable, warm summer cool. But it is also expensive, hardwood, large consumption of resources, the installation work is big, not easy to maintain (fear of fire, fear tide, water) and floor width varies with relative humidity and generate larger changes, etc.

The exterior of solid wood compound floor has the beautiful wood grain that is identical with real wood floor, dimensional stability is good, easy to lay and maintain. But still can't get rid of the weakness of fear of fire, afraid of water, afraid of tide, also be inferior to PVC floor environmental protection, weariness is inferior to PVC floor.

The base material of aggrandizement wood floor is medium density or high density fiberboard and particleboard, size stability is good, the surface of wear resistant material for contain impregnated decorative paper, guarantees the surface wear resistance ability of cigarette calcination, scratch resistance and pollution resistance performance is good, this is relative to the first two, and PVC floor super wear resistance and dirt resistance than there are quite a gap.

Compared with plastic floor leather

Plastic floor leather and PVC floor are not the same product, although some people call PVC floor the floor leather, plastic floor, but actually be confused two kinds of floor.

Plastic floor (floor leather) belong to very low end product, main component is plastic, fear fire, easy ageing, the service life is very short.

Compared with bamboo floor

Bamboo floors are also made of natural bamboo wood, green and green. But bamboo floor also belongs to the fear of water, afraid of fire, afraid of tide, be sensitive to indoor temperature and humidity, easy expansion deformation or dry shrinkage craze, serious and even moldy.

The surface of bamboo floor is paint face, wear resistance is inferior, the ability of resist scraping is inferior. The maintenance of bamboo floor is in trouble, need to wax and maintain often, the other is less corrosive.

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